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Appendix of the book entitled "Carotenoids - Biological Functions and Diversity"
edited by S. Takaichi and published by Shokabo Pub. Co., Ltd. (ISBN978-4-7853-5840-2)
Summary of the Carotenogenesis Genes*
Table 1. Synthesis of phytoene (crtE, crtB, and crtM) update: 2006/3/30 Table 2. Phytoene to lycopene (crtI, crtP, pds, crtQ, zds, crtH, crtISO, and crtN) update: 2006/3/30 Table 3. Lycopene cyclase (crtY, crtL, crtL-b, lcy-b, crtYm, crtLm, carRA, cruA, and crtL-e) update: 2006/3/30 Table 4. β-Carotene and ε-carotene hydroxylase (crtZ, crtR, crtR-b, crtR-e, lut1, and crtG) update: 2006/3/30 Table 5. Plant related genes (zep, vde, nsy, ccs, and ptox) update: 2006/3/30 Table 6. β-Carotene ketolase (crtW, and crtO) update: 2006/3/30 Table 7. Purple bacterial genes (crtC, crtD, crtF, and crtA) update: 2006/3/30 Table 8. Oxygenase (nced, bcdo, brp, and B-diox-II) update: 2006/3/30 Table 9. Others (crtEb, crtYe + crtYd, crtU, and crtX) update: 2006/3/30
Enzyme: Another names are indicated in parentheses. Copious notes are indicated in brackets. Gene: Original and/or common gene names are indicated. NI indicates that gene names are not indicated.
Functions of genes in brackets are not confirmed.
Classification: Species listed in the tables are not necessarily shown by the taxonomic categories, but are shown as follows;
Purple bacteria, Aerobic photosynthetic bacteria (APS), Green sulfur bacteria, Green filamentous bacteria (GF), Heliobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Eubacteria (except for above), Archaea, Algae, Fungus, Plant, Invertebrate, and Vertebrate.
Species: In the same taxonomic class described above, species names are arranged in an alphabetical order.
Species names in parentheses indicate a former taxonomical name, and names in brackets indicate a common name.
* When you find any mistakes or you know papers concerning the carotenogenesis genes, you are welcome to inform to the editor.
S. Takaichi: firstname.lastname@example.org
自然科学書出版 裳華房 SHOKABO Co., Ltd.